RTE Protection and management
Despite the existence of large protected National parks and Nature Reserves in Kalimantan, a large number of Rare, Threatened or Endangered species and some as yet unidentified species new to science inevitably lie outside such Protected Areas. The purpose of the Conservation Reserve Design initiative is to support users of this unprotected landscape in managing and sustainably using the biodiversity that lies within their boundaries, whether that use is for traditional or commercial agriculture, mining or industrial purposes. The Yayasan Ulin will provide technical or management support so that areas of important biological diversity can be maintained, while providing benefits to the users of these licensed or privately owned areas.
Conservation Reserve Design
Boundary determination – Mesangat Conservation Area
Lake Mesangat is located within a wetland triangle formed by the Kedang Kepala and Kelinjau Rivers north of Muara Ancalong. This flat (generally less than 10m above sea level) wetland was logged during the 1990s, and most forests severely burnt during several El Niño events until 1998. The result is a landscape of patchy shrubs and reeds or sedges, frequently interspersed with a mosaic groves or lines of trees, indicative of areas which remained wet during long droughts, and therefore were not consumed or killed during the fires.
Despite this loss of much of the natural vegetation over many decades, recent visits by members of the IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group and LIPI have confirmed the presence of T. schlegelii and C. siamensis. In addition, Endangered or Endangered Primates include the orangutan and the proboscis monkey.
The boundaries of the Conservation Reserve (approximately 6,000 – 8,000 ha) and its integration into the wider landscape of traditional and commercial agriculture remained to be established.
Wetland conservation and habitat restoration
One of the most common consequences of land development involves its often serious impacts on water quality for local human populations within and adjacent to developed areas. Wetland areas also provide large portion of the local diet derive from highly productive of wetland habitats. The Yayasan Ulin will provide support and assistance for the planning of watershed development in maintaining the integrity of wetlands, and the quality of water sources (natural springs, streams, and rivers).
Database establishment and technical services for biodiversity management
Mapping of species within the layer of proposed land uses, indicating important natural features and conservation requirements.
Awareness & Education
Support and assistance for science-based public education, including workshops, seminars, conservation camps and hands-on scientific and technical training.
Support the development of a natural history / ecotourism program derived from scientific information gathered from specific objective areas and organized into a structured, user-friendly database